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ipv6 networks Recently Published Documents
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Saving the Bandwidth of IPv6 Networks Using the Fields of the Packet Header
Intelligent approach to network device migration planning towards software-defined ipv6 networks.
Internet and telecom service providers worldwide are facing financial sustainability issues in migrating their existing legacy IPv4 networking system due to backward compatibility issues with the latest generation networking paradigms viz. Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6) and software-defined networking (SDN). Bench marking of existing networking devices is required to identify their status whether the existing running devices are upgradable or need replacement to make them operable with SDN and IPv6 networking so that internet and telecom service providers can properly plan their network migration to optimize capital and operational expenditures for future sustainability. In this paper, we implement “adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS)”, a well-known intelligent approach for network device status identification to classify whether a network device is upgradable or requires replacement. Similarly, we establish a knowledge base (KB) system to store the information of device internetwork operating system (IoS)/firmware version, its SDN, and IPv6 support with end-of-life and end-of-support. For input to ANFIS, device performance metrics such as average CPU utilization, throughput, and memory capacity are retrieved and mapped with data from KB. We run the experiment with other well-known classification methods, for example, support vector machine (SVM), fine tree, and liner regression to compare performance results with ANFIS. The comparative results show that the ANFIS-based classification approach is more accurate and optimal than other methods. For service providers with a large number of network devices, this approach assists them to properly classify the device and make a decision for the smooth transitioning to SDN-enabled IPv6 networks.
Performance Comparison of OSPFV3 and EIGRP with IPv6 Network
A collection of interconnected devices that deal with communication protocols that are common to share resources provided by nodes of a network over digital interconnections is a computer network. The process of determining the most efficient route from a source to a given target is called routing. Cisco's Enriched Internal Routing Gateway Protocol for IPv6 and the IETF's OSPFv3 (First Version 3 of Open Shortest Path) are two of the most frequently studied IPv6 routing protocols among researchers (EIGRPv6). As a result of the popularity of EIGRPv6 and OSPFv3, it is necessary to undertake a thorough contrast of the two protocols once working inside a minor enterprise network on IPv6. Thus, the study analysed the performance comparison of OSPFV3 and EIGRP with IPv6 networks with regards to convergence time, end-to-end delay, and packet loss. Packet Tracer 6.2.2 was used to compare the performance of routing protocols of different kinds. In the simulation, Cisco routers, switches, and generic computers were employed in the test. In these topologies, standard IPv6 addresses have been used. The findings of the study revealed that EIGRPv6 outperforms OSPFv3. As a result, we advocate using EIGRPv6 as an internal routing protocol in a network of IPv6.
Smurf as Spoof Type Attacking Activity on Network and Neutralization
Abstract Reliable and timely detection of cyberattacks is becoming indispensable for securing networks and systems. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) flood attacks continue to be one of the most serious threats in both IPv4 and IPv6 networks. There are various types of cybersecurity attacks based on ICMP protocols. Many ICMP protocols are very similar, so security managers might think they might have the same impact on the victim’s computer systems or servers.
An Efficient Method to Enhance IP Telephony Performance in IPV6 Networks
Abstract IP telephony have played an essential role during the COVID 19 pandemic lockdown. One of the issues that lower the service level of the IP telephony solutions is the inefficient bandwidth exploitation. This paper proposes a Smallerize/Zeroize (SmlZr) method to enhance bandwidth exploitation. The SmlZr method is explicitly designed for the P2P IP telephony calls over IPv6 networks. The essence concept of the proposed method is to use the unnecessary fields in the header to keep the voice media of the packet. Doing so leads to smallerize or zeroize the packet payload and, thus, enhance the bandwidth exploitation. The SmlZr method has outperformed the RTP method for all the comparison parameters. For instance, the SmlZr method shrinks the bandwidth by 25% compared to the RTP protocol. Bandwidth saving is helpful for P2P IP telephony calls because it alleviates the traffic load. Thus, improve the call capacity boosts the call clarity.
Virtual Service Failure Recovery Algorithm Based on Particle Swarm in IPv6 Networks
Network resource backup algorithm based on multi-attribute analytic hierarchy process in ipv6 networks, zeroize: a new method to improve utilizing 5g networks when running voip over ipv6.
5G technology propagation curve is ascending rapidly. 5G will open up the horizon to improve the performance of many other IP-based services such as voice over IP (VoIP). VoIP is a worldwide technology that is expected to rule the telecommunication world in the near future. However, VoIP has expended a significant part of the 5G technology bandwidth with no valuable use owing to its lengthy packet header. This issue even worsens when VoIP works in IPv6 networks, where the wasted bandwidth and airtime may reach 85.7% of 5G networks. VoIP developers have exerted many efforts to tackle this snag. This study adds to these efforts by proposing a new method called Zeroize (zero sizes). The main idea of the Zeroize method is to use superfluous fields of the IPv6 protocol header to carry the digital voice data of the packet and, thus, reduce or zeroize the VoIP packet payload. Although simple, the Zeroize method achieves a considerable reduction of the wasted bandwidth of 5G networks, which also directly affects the consumed airtime. The performance analysis of the Zeroize method shows that the consumed bandwidth is saved by 20% with the G.723.1 codec. Thus, the Zeroize method is a promising solution to reduce the wasted bandwidth and airtime of 5G networks when running VoIP over IPv6.
Operational Security Considerations for IPv6 Networks
Empirical analysis of ipv4 and ipv6 networks through dual-stack sites.
IPv6 is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), which can solve the problem of IPv4 address exhaustion and allow the growth of the Internet (particularly in the era of the Internet of Things). IPv6 networks have been deployed for more than a decade, and the deployment is still growing every year. This empirical study was conducted from the perspective of end users to evaluate IPv6 and IPv4 performance by sending probing traffic to 1792 dual-stack sites around the world. Connectivity, packet loss, hop count, round-trip time (RTT), and throughput were used as performance metrics. The results show that, compared with IPv4, IPv6 has better connectivity, lower packet loss, and similar hop count. However, compared with IPv4, it has higher latency and lower throughput. We compared our results with previous studies conducted in 2004, 2007, and 2014 to investigate the improvement of IPv6 networks. The results of the past 16 years have shown that the connectivity of IPv6 has increased by 1–4%, and the IPv6 RTT (194.85 ms) has been greatly reduced, but it is still longer than IPv4 (163.72 ms). The throughput of IPv6 is still lower than that of IPv4.
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A STUDY ON IPv4 and IPv6: THE IMPORTANCE OF THEIR CO-EXISTENCE
International Journal of Information Systems and Engineering
This research details on the study of Network Layer of the OSI. This involves the movement of packets from source to destination; to provide internetworking. The Network Layer is responsible for the delivery of individual packets from the source host to the destination host. discussed about the Internet Protocol (IP) as the Network Layer of the TCP/IP protocol suite. IP architecture is designed to allow application layer protocols and mechanisms to evolve independently of the underlying network protocols and mechanism however the IP architecture has also been thoroughly field-proven regarding scalability through the use of IP over the public internet. stated that, hidden from view of typical users, every Internet communication relies on an underlying system of numbers to identify data sources and destinations. Users typically specify online destinations by entering domain names (e.g. "congress.gov"). But the Internet's routers forward data according to numeric IP addresses . Sequel...
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science
The internet protocol (IP) has become the driving force over the decade for which devices and organizations that tend to rely on as a means of communication between hosts or nodes. As such it becomes a necessity to have a reliable protocol that will be adaptive to change. This review work will be comparing and analyzing the two versions of internet protocol, IPv4 and IPv6 in term of address space, feature, functionality and transition mechanism which resolve the issue of incompatibility. Also aim of the work is to provide a detailed discussion about the reasons for migration from IPv4 and IPv6 and also outline the various differences that exist between the two protocols in term of their performance.
The internet protocol IPv4 has met requires for years, but the number of addresses, while huge is finite. It has several shortcomings which are unavoidable and complicate such exhausted address space, security issues, non-availability of auto-configuration and in some cases present a obstacle to, the advance improvement of the Internet. The resolution to mitigate this problem was the development of the new IPv6 protocol which enlarges the address space from 32-bits to 128-bits. IPv6 assembles a high address space, superior address design and better safety among other profits. IPv6 distribution necessitates deep and careful firm to minimize network disruption and ensure that the profits of IPv6 are accessed. Due to the issues of IPv4, now-a-days IPv6 is extremely popular in associations, corporations and Internet Service Providers (ISP). In this paper, we aim to provide a Literature Survey which describes the various techniques to implement IPv6 transition most optimal method to increase the network performances.
Atena Shiranzaei , Prof. (Dr.) Rafiqul Zaman Khan
Abstract__ The addresses of Internet protocol (IP) are a vital resource for the Internet. In the network, IP address is assigned to every interface which connects to the Internet. The addresses are still assigned by using Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). IPv4 has demonstrated robust, compatibility with vast range of protocols, applications and easy implementation. IPv4 had been supposed to cover all the network interfaces, however with huge increase of the number of devices (computer, mobile, tablet, routers, server, etc) the reserve of assigned addresses is exhausted. IPv6 has been deployed for providing new services and for supporting the internet growth. This study compares the key specifications of IPv4 and IPv6, contrasts IPv4 and IPv6 header’s fields, the structure of headers, explains advantages of IPv6 and disadvantages of IPv4, and why we are running out of IPv4
Due to the increasing demand of the Internet, we are facing a great problem of the depletion of our existing IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) network. To solve the situation, we have to use IP version 6 in coming years. But the IPv4 network will not be opt out, but also coexist with IPv6 network. For the transition from IPv4 to IPv6 and vice versa, there are three prominent transition mechanisms are used. They are Dual Stack, Tunneling and Translation. In this paper, the performances of these three mechanisms have been analyzed. IPv6 header format, its security and the routing also have been focused. For the simulation Packet Tracer simulation software has been used .
Muzhir Al Ani
International Journal of Electronics and Electrical Engineering
In the recent years, more devices and organizations tend to be becoming more reliant on the internet. The Internet protocol (IP) has become a driving force that allows this device to be connected to the internet. It also provides a suitable way of identifying such device connected to the Network. In this paper, we will be more concern with the reviewing the comparative analysis of IPV4 and IPV6
International Journal of Computer Applications
IPv4/IPv6 transition rolls out many challenges to the world of internet. IETF proposes various transition techniques including dual IP stack, IP translation and tunnelling transition mechanisms. A detailed study is made on the IPv6 addressing architecture. Out of the three mechanisms Tunnelling proves to be most effective in the study which has been done. The 6rd mechanism that is used for IPv4/IPv6 transition mechanism permits an IPv6 mobile node to roam into IPv4 based network and get serviced besides roaming in IPv6 based network. This paper aims at a comparative study on the three transition techniques such as Softwire mesh which supports Dual Stack, NAT444 which supports translation and IPv6 Rapid Development (6rd) mechanism in tunnelling mechanism.
Kaur Rajveer 1313
International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT)
Communications, IEE …
SULAIMAN AOUAD MOHAMED
International JournalofEngineering Research and General Science
Ramesh Ch Meena
Eric Gamess , Francisco Sans
EL KHADIRI Khalid
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology
Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges
Jaime López Flores
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering
Dr. M Dakshayini
2006 8th International Conference Advanced Communication Technology
Dr. Feroz Ahmed
K S Ganesh Sharma
Muhammad N Brohi
Sistemas y Telemática
ROBERTO FERRO ESCOBAR
Prof.Hanumanthappa J A Y A P P A Davanagere
IEEE Communications Magazine
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